Winter Steelhead / Coastal Rainbow Trout, Willamette SMU

Photo Credit: ODFW


  • Species Common Name Winter Steelhead / Coastal Rainbow Trout
  • Species Scientific Name Oncorhynchus mykiss / Oncorhynchus mykiss irideus
  • Federal Listing Status Threatened
  • State Listing Status Sensitive
  • SMU/ESU/DPS/Subspecies Willamette SMU, Upper Willamette River ESU


Special needs

Require streams with clean gravel, complex habitat, and cool temperatures for spawning and rearing. Require access for anadromous migration.

Limiting factors

Water quality. Alterations of hydrology and watershed function. Fish passage. Riparian condition. Marine survival.

Conservation actions

Maintain or restore aquatic and riparian habitat. Continue ongoing restoration efforts involving landowners, tribes, and agency partners (NOAA, NMFS, ODFW, OWEB).

Key reference or plan

Upper Willamette Conservation and Recovery Plan for Chinook Salmon and Steelhead