Golden paintbrush historically occurred in low-elevation open prairies with moist winter soils (but no standing water). This species was also associated with gravelly glacial outwash or outcrops of clayey glacio-lacustrine sediment.
Golden paintbrush is threatened by habitat loss due to urbanization and commercial and agricultural development. Encroachment of woody plants as a result of fire suppression is also harmful to this species. Competition with non-native, invasive weeds, trampling by recreationists, and severe herbivory by deer and rabbits present further threats.
Conduct breeding system and pollination studies. Evaluate the species' response to fire. Conduct long-term demographic monitoring.
Survey potential habitat to document additional populations. Continue experimental reintroduction. Note: this plant is thought to be extirpated from Oregon.