Brown Pelican

Photo Credit: Kathy Munsel, ODFW


  • Species Common Name Brown Pelican (California)
  • Species Scientific Name Pelecanus occidentalis californicus
  • State Listing Status Endangered


Special needs

Brown Pelicans rely on nearshore, pelagic, and estuarine habitat for foraging. They use offshore rocks and islands, inaccessible headland areas, sandy islands, and sand spits for roosting and nesting.

Limiting factors

Forage fish availability may be a key limiting factor for Brown Pelicans, particularly near breeding colonies. Pelicans are highly vulnerable to oil spills.

Conservation actions

Ensure disturbance is minimized on roosting and nesting islands in the Lower Columbia River Estuary and along the Oregon coast.

Key reference or plan

Draft post-delisting monitoring plan for the Brown Pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis)