Bull Kelp

Photo Credit: Janna Nichols


  • Species Common Name Bull Kelp
  • Species Scientific Name Nereocystis luetkeana


Special needs

Bull kelp occurs only in nearshore subtidal habitat. This species is strongly associated with rocky substrates.

Limiting factors

Substratum availability and spore dispersal are among factors limiting the distribution of bull kelp. This species is vulnerable to oil spills and other anthropogenic impacts.

Conservation actions

Observe harvest restrictions. Monitor the status of bull kelp beds at special sites/index sites.

Key reference or plan

Pacific Coast Groundfish Essential Fish Habitat Pacific Coast Salmon Essential Fish Habitat

Life History Traits