Black-necked Stilt

Photo Credit: Keith Kohl, ODFW


  • Species Common Name Black-necked Stilt
  • Species Scientific Name Himantopus mexicanus
  • State Listing Status Sensitive


Special needs

Black-necked Stilts are generally found in alkali wetlands and freshwater ponds and lakes. They prefer foraging sites with extensive shallows and those that are free of human disturbance.

Limiting factors

Black-necked Stilts select nest sites on the edges of lakes or shallow inland wetlands, often with emergent vegetation. These nesting areas can be vulnerable to drought and flood conditions. Stilts may move in response to changing water levels or abandon unsuitable sites altogether. Black-necked Stilts are colonial-nesters and are highly sensitive to human disturbance.

Conservation actions

Maintain suitable nesting and foraging areas across the landscape to provide sufficient habitat, regardless of annual variation in precipitation and water levels. Monitor and address polluted runoff concerns, including organochlorine pesticides, selenium, and mercury.

Key reference or plan

Northern Pacific Coast Regional Shorebird Management Plan