The area is a late successional mixed deciduous and conifer forest with wetlands, flowing water and riparian habitats in the Gales Creek watershed. The 46 square mile area is conterminal with Nehalem and Salmonberry River Headwaters and Tillamook Bay and Tributaries COAs.
COA ID: 013
Oregon’s Coast Range, known for its dramatic scenery, is extremely diverse, with habitats ranging from open sandy dunes to lush forests and from tidepools to headwater streams. It follows the coastline and extends east through coastal forest to the border of the Willamette Valley and Klamath Mountains ecoregions
The Willamette Valley ecoregion is bounded on the west by the Coast Range and on the east by the Cascade Range. This long mostly level alluvial plain has some scattered areas of low basalt, and contrasts with productive farmland and large urban areas. It has the fastest-growing human population in the state resulting in challenges due to land-use changes.
Grasslands include a variety of upland grass-dominated habitats, such as upland prairies, coastal bluffs, and montane grasslands.
Late Successional Mixed Conifer Forests
Late successional mixed conifer forests provide a multi-layered tree canopy, including large-diameter trees, shade-tolerant tree species in the understory, and a high volume of dead wood, such as snags and logs.
Oak woodlands are characterized by an open canopy dominated by Oregon white oak.
Flowing Water and Riparian Habitats
Flowing Water and Riparian Habitats include all naturally occurring flowing freshwater streams and rivers throughout Oregon as well as the adjacent riparian habitat.
Wetlands are covered with water during all or part of the year. Permanently wet habitats include backwater sloughs, oxbow lakes, and marshes, while seasonally wet habitats include seasonal ponds, vernal pools, and wet prairies.
Acorn Woodpecker (Modeled Habitat)
California Myotis (Modeled Habitat)
Chinook Salmon (Documented)
Chipping Sparrow (Observed)
Clouded Salamander (Modeled Habitat)
Coastal Cutthroat Trout (Documented)
Oncorhynchus clarki clarki
Coastal Tailed Frog (Modeled Habitat)
Coho Salmon (Documented)
Columbia Torrent Salamander (Modeled Habitat)
Common Nighthawk (Modeled Habitat)
Cope’s Giant Salamander (Modeled Habitat)
Fisher (Modeled Habitat)
Fringed Myotis (Modeled Habitat)
Hoary Bat (Modeled Habitat)
Long-legged Myotis (Modeled Habitat)
Marbled Murrelet (Modeled Habitat)
Northern Spotted Owl (Modeled Habitat)
Strix occidentalis caurina
Olive-sided Flycatcher (Observed)
Oregon Vesper Sparrow (Modeled Habitat)
Pooecetes gramineus affinis
Red Tree Vole (Modeled Habitat)
Short-eared Owl (Modeled Habitat)
Asio flammeus flammeus
Silver-haired Bat (Modeled Habitat)
Townsend’s Big-eared Bat (Modeled Habitat)
Western Bluebird (Modeled Habitat)
Western Gray Squirrel (Modeled Habitat)
Western Meadowlark (Modeled Habitat)
Western Painted Turtle (Modeled Habitat)
Chrysemys picta bellii
Western Pond Turtle (Observed)
Purple Martin (Modeled Habitat)
Progne subis arboricola
Western Toad (Modeled Habitat)
Willow Flycatcher (Observed)
Steelhead / Rainbow / Redband Trout (Documented)
Oncorhynchus mykiss ssp
Yellow-breasted Chat (Observed)
Icteria virens auricollis